The National Curriculum for Physical Education details a clear 'Purpose of Study' and 'Subject Content' for KS1 and KS2 (See details below). At Four Swannes we have produced progression documents, from which teachers plan. These documents not only detail the journey children will go on in this subject but also the high expectations we set, and the opportunities we provide in gymnastics, dance and games. We place strong emphasis on 'healthy lifestyles' and general fitness. Part of our commitment to ensuring our pupils are physically active is our initiative of the 'Daily Mile'.
We have employed a specialist Sports Coach, Mrs Allcock, through the Sports Premium funding allocated to us. Mrs Allcock works with us throughout the week, team teaching Physical Education throughout the school supporting the CPD of staff members.
This enhanced provision for the teaching of sport within the school will have the following benefits:
- Up-skilling and training of existing staff to build capacity for further improvement in sports coaching should the specialist input be removed.
- The intrinsic value of external input: the additional skills and enthusiasm of specialist sports coaches.
- Increasing skills and participation in sports: all classes in the school (including Reception) receive one hour per week of dedicated sports tuition in addition to their PE lessons. The programme of activities will consist of factors that support the games element to support the curriculum delivery.
- Positive impacts on pupils’ personal development: increased confidence; a healthier lifestyle, improved physical fitness, a ‘Growth Mindset’; enhanced resilience/determination to succeed; better behaviour; increased confidence/self-esteem; increased attendance.
Purpose of study
A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically-demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.
The national curriculum for physical education aims to ensure that all pupils:
- develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
- are physically active for sustained periods of time
- engage in competitive sports and activities
- lead healthy, active lives.
By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study.
Subject content Key stage 1
Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.
Pupils should be taught to:
- master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
- participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
- perform dances using simple movement patterns.
Subject Content - Key stage 2
Pupils should continue to apply and develop a broader range of skills, learning how to use them in different ways and to link them to make actions and sequences of movement. They should enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They should develop an understanding of how to improve in different physical activities and sports and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.
Pupils should be taught to:
- use running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination
- play competitive games, modified where appropriate [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
- develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics]
- perform dances using a range of movement patterns
- take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team
- compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.
Swimming and water safety
All schools must provide swimming instruction either in key stage 1 or key stage 2.
In particular, pupils should be taught to:
- swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
- use a range of strokes effectively [for example, front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke]
- perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations.